Sterilization of cats: what is it and why is it needed?
A good owner first of all thinks about the welfare of his pet. Unfortunately, not all cat owners know why sterilization is needed, and how its absence can affect the health of the animal.
Sterilization of cats – what is it
In essence, this concept is similar to castration, however, it is a more complex operation. The procedure lasts 40 minutes and is performed under general anesthesia.
There are several types of sterilization with their advantages and disadvantages:
Medication (injection). The animal suppresses hormones, and for a period of 3-6 months the cat becomes sterile, after which the injection will have to be repeated. The cat can be sterilized for a while, for example, between estrus, but the procedure is allowed only in the absence of contraindications.
Radiation (chemical). The genitals of the pet are irradiated with radiation, and the dosage is selected based on the characteristics of the animal, and does not bear the threat.
Surgical. In this case, the sterilization of cats, the seam from the removal of internal genital organs for some time remains on the body, and it is necessary to take care of him.
The choice depends on the individual characteristics of the pet and the services provided by the clinic.
Why do I need a procedure
The most weighty argument in favor of the operation – the cat will not bring posterity. Of course, if you have a pedigreed cat and you sell kittens, then you do not need sterilization. However, if you don’t want to distribute kittens to your friends or regularly “please” the local cattery, the operation should be done.
Another good reason is health. If the pet does not give birth, it begins to cause diseases of the genital organs, and she may die. Sterilization of the cat, how much time and effort it takes, will allow your darling to live a long quiet life
At what age are cats being sterilized?
Veterinarians believe that it is safest to sterilize a cat at 6-8 months (before estrus), since it has already managed to form physically, but sexual behavior has not yet been expressed. A current is a kind of “switch”. The hitherto calm animal begins to mark the territory and show aggression towards the owners, and even when the cat is already sterilized after estrus, it continues to show sexual behavior.
It should be noted that the sexual development of long-haired breeds occurs later – the terms should be clarified with a specialist.
The first thing a cat should examine the vet. It is necessary to take a blood and urine test, to undergo examinations by a therapist and a cardiologist, also to make an echocardiography of the heart and an ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. This is, of course, costly, but these measures can reduce the risks after surgery.
If the vet finds a deviation in the health of the animal, then treatment is prescribed. If all is well, then you can determine the date and type of sterilization. It must be remembered that after the operation the cat must remain under the supervision of the owner for at least two days.
The day before the operation is recommended to give the animal some vaseline oil for cleaning the intestines. 12 hours before the appointed time, the cat should not be given food – the stomach must remain empty, but some water is permissible. This is an important point in preparation, because the animal may vomit during the anesthesia, and it may choke.
Cat after sterilization
After the operation, the cat must be placed on a flat surface at the level of the floor and away from the battery so that it cannot fall and hit. After sterilizing the cat, the blanket needs to be changed every day. Usually in a week there is no need for it.
In principle, care is only in observation: if the seam bleeds, the animal’s body temperature changes, a rash or redness appears, then you need to contact a veterinary clinic. As soon as the pet wakes up, forcibly giving food is not necessary – it is enough to give some water. After 8 hours you can feed it with soft canned food or dry food softened with water.
After the sterilization of the cat, the suture must be treated with a means prescribed by a veterinarian, and it must be removed on the day appointed by the doctor.
You should choose a special food for sterilized cats, which can be purchased at a specialty store.