This is one of the most mysterious and ancient breeds of cats – the image of the Abyssinian decorated even the tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs. However, in our country they have become popular relatively recently, while the demand often exceeds supply.
The cats of this breed were worshiped, they were considered sacred, therefore only pharaohs and their relatives could hold them, and the tombs and tombs covered the images of the pets.
It is known that the breed appeared more than 2 thousand years ago in the territory of Abyssinia (now – Ethiopia). It is believed that it originated from wild cats: steppe, Libyan and North African, as in the appearance of these breeds there is much in common. Nevertheless, scientists cite other hypotheses, for example, that the ancestor of the Abyssinian cat breed was an animal that was taken from the south of Afghanistan or Asia.
The breed practically disappeared in Europe after numerous wars, however, in 1907, American breeders were able to recreate the “Abyssinian”, retaining the royal posture, grace and a truly aristocratic look in the cat.
Abyssinka is a small cat, but it has an expressive appearance.
In accordance with CFA standards, an Abyssinian cat must have the following data:
Head – slightly rounded wedge, outlines of the profile, eyebrows and cheeks are soft and smooth.
Eyes – almond-shaped, large and shiny, have a dark contour trace.
The ears are large, cupped, slightly pointed at the tips, but widened at the base.
The transition from the bridge of the nose to the forehead is soft, and the forehead is wide and slightly convex.
The neck is graceful and long.
The body is moderately muscular, flexible, of medium length with good proportions.
Limbs – paws neat, small, have an oval shape. On the front legs – 5 fingers, and on the hind legs – 4 each.
The tail is long, with a thickening at the base and a point at the tip.
The price of a cat varies based on the parameters of the body, color, pedigree and destination (for home or exhibition).
Colors of abyssinian cats
The hair of the Abyssinians is soft, thick and silky, with a pronounced ticking. There are 4 types of color Abyssinian cat:
Ruddy (wild). It is characterized by double or triple uniform ticking, there is no specific pattern.
Sorrel (Sorrel). The shade of wool varies from reddish brown to reddish-copper hue.
Blue Coloring has a gray-blue tone.
Fawn. Wool has a light coffee color with milk. Undercoat – soft sand or cream color.
At exhibitions and among breeders, preference is given to cats without marking on their paws and lower chest.
Abyssinian cat character
Abyssinians are stately and “royal” in appearance, but curious and sweet at heart. They are extremely active, love to explore the house and sit on the hills. They are very observant and do not lose sight of anything, while they can sit with you and read a book, following the movements of your eyes and hands.
Cats of this breed are devoted, intelligent and sociable, also possess a sense of dignity. The voice of the Abyssinian is a quiet, like a bell, which can not lead to irritation. Cats get along well with children, dogs and other felines. They do not tolerate loneliness, so it is recommended to have another cat if you often leave home for a long time.
Despite the stateliness of an adult animal, kittens are clumsy and very cute, not like the “royal” person.
Caring for an Abyssinian is easy – as for any cat:
it is necessary to monitor nutrition and acquire balanced feed, depending on the age and health of the pet;
once a week, the cat should be brushed with a metal brush, and during the molt – bathe;
do not forget about deworming and vaccinations for herpes, panleukopenia, calicivirosis and rabies;
scraper in the house – is required.
Also, from time to time you need to check the ears and eyes: the selection should be removed with cotton buds.
On average, Abyssinian cats live 15-20 years. The weak side of the Abyssinians is inflammation of the gums, so you need to clean the teeth of the cat more often. In addition, short wool requires a comfortable ambient temperature, so it is necessary to eliminate the appearance of drafts in the room.