British shorthair cat
Powerful and aristocratic British cats are known to the whole world. Such pets are perfect for home keeping due to the calm and good health. British Shorthair – a breed of natural development.
The first mention of this breed are found in the ancient chronicles. There is no documented information about their origin. The first very large cats-rat-catchers were delivered by the Roman centurions. Researchers suggest that the cats were brought by the Romans during the attack on the British Isles in 43 AD er In Britain they got the name “British cat”, in France – “Shartez”, in Germany – “Cartesian cat”.
Animals were used as hunters for rodents, but by the end of the 16th century, breeders noticed the appearance of cats. The British attended the first London cat show in 1871. Then the official breed standards were adopted, and felinology began to flourish.
In Russia, the first Britons appeared in 1992 along with the carter, which is now called the “old type of British” in Russia.
To consolidate the unique features of the British breeders used Persian cats – so the British cats have a slightly flat face.
The physiology and appearance of the British was formed at high humidity in cold climates, so this breed has dense, short hair that protects from cold and moisture.
Since British cats are excellent hunters, they are strong, resilient and unpretentious in food.
British cat description
The breed standard describes the British as follows:
Head – with a wide skull, round. The cheeks are developed, the cheekbones are wide, the muzzle is flat and round.
The nose is wide, straight and short.
Ears – rounded and small, set wide and low.
Eyes – round, at a great distance from each other, which exceeds the width of the nose.
The body is massive, with a developed chest and good muscles.
Limbs – powerful, but short. Feet rounded.
The tail is thick.
Weight – cats weigh 10-13 kg, and cats from 6 to 9 kg.
Wool well protects cats from cold due to the developed undercoat. It is not adjacent to the body, thick and plush to the touch.
Sometimes there are long-haired British. The recessive gene is responsible for the elongated fur, so a long-haired kitten cannot appear in ordinary parents.
People often confuse British and Scottish cats: some even seriously think that there is such a breed – a Fold British. Do not confuse two different breeds.
British cats colors
For the British, the following colors are typical:
Blue. Gray wool without light hairs. The skin is blue.
British cat blue color
A uniform color is considered if the skin, the undercoat and the coat itself are of the same color, and there is not a single speck.
Lilac – a combination of pink and blue. Nose and legs purple. Eyes – copper or orange.
british cat purple color
Chocolate – rich brown color.
British cat chocolate color
Black is a coal black color. Sometimes kittens are born with black wool, but over time it fades. This adds complexity to breeding black pets.
black color British cat
White – pinkish skin and cold tone of wool. Yellow spots are not allowed.
British cat white
Cinnamon – the color of cinnamon, looks like a light brown.
Faun is a combination of creme brulee and pink colors.
Cat color faun
Smoky. In this case, the pet has a lighter undercoat than wool.
Silver chinchilla. Wool silver, slightly shaded shade.
Gold. 1/8 the length of the hairs pigment is darkened, and the rest is golden. In this gray shades should not be. The paw pads are usually black, the eyeliner and nose are dark.
Golden british cat
Tortoiseshell. These are 2 or 3 shades evenly distributed over the coat. Drawing on shades with red and beige wool is missing. The eyes are orange or copper. This color is only in cats.
Tabby. For this color are characterized by drawings: spots and stripes.
Marble / classic – dark spots or stripes on the bright sides. Eyes – copper with a dark eyeliner.
Marble british cat
Whiskas – dominated by silver color. On the back of the cat are bright continuous stripes. Eyes – yellow-orange with dark eyeliner.
Cat color Whiskas
Red (cream red) color. Brown stripes all over the body. The eyes are golden.
british red cat
Paired spotty colors:
Bicolor – the predominance of white is not less than 1/3, but not more than 1/2;
Brit color bicolor
Harlequin – the predominance of white is not less than 5/6;
Color-point. It is characterized by two shades of wool with a predominance of white.
British cat color point
Color Links. Silver chinchilla with striped gray paws and muzzle. Blue eyes.
British cat color Lynx
For a long-haired breed, all colors are acceptable, except for white and color-point.
British cats character
British cats are independent, calmly endure loneliness.