How to feed a newborn kitten?
Kittens are born completely helpless – without hearing, sight, with poor thermoregulation, and all care for them in the first month, as a rule, falls on the cat. Including feeding offspring. But sometimes the cat does not have milk or is not enough for everyone, she refuses to feed the babies or she died – the cases are different, but this does not mean that without mother’s milk kittens will not survive. A kitten can feed a man. The main thing is to follow certain rules in order not to harm.
Best of all, a special bottle with a nipple is suitable for raising a newborn kitten. If it is not possible to buy it, a pipette is suitable for the first time, although it is not very convenient to feed the kitten, and for him it is not very useful. The pet should develop a sucking reflex, and with a pipette milk will be in his mouth without it.
Whatever you use for feeding, these items must be thoroughly and regularly rinsed, boiled or sterilized.
In no case can a kitten be fed with cow’s milk, since it is poorly absorbed and not digested. In the stomach, it turns into a lump, which can lead to serious complications and even death.
Suitable for feeding milk powder, baby or special mixes for kittens. Goat milk can also be used, but it must be diluted with water so that it is not too fat. Food should be warm, but not hot – not more than 30 degrees.
In the first days of life, a kitten needs very little food – 1-2 teaspoons will be enough. It is advisable to cook food only for one day, and it should be stored in the refrigerator.
To feed a kitten, it must be very carefully picked up and straightened, but do not forget that the baby has very thin and weak bones that are easily damaged. All actions must be done very slowly and carefully, so as not to frighten him. The tip of the nipple should be gently inserted into the mouth. To pet understood that it is necessary to suck, it can be moistened with contents from a bottle.
During feeding, the kitten, like a newborn baby, can spit air trapped with food, so care should be taken not to choke. For the same reason, the hole in the nipple should be quite small – too much liquid can block them if it enters the respiratory tract, which can be fatal.
In the first week it is necessary to feed the kitten every two hours, day and night. Then nightly feeding can be done every four hours, and from the first month one meal per night will be enough. But the daily reduce is not necessary.
It is impossible to break the schedule of food in any case, no matter how hard and tiring it is, otherwise the pet will develop poorly.
Not a single mixture – even the best and most expensive – will replace the breast milk that contains all the necessary nutrients for development and growth. Therefore, already from the second week of life, the kitten should be given special vitamins in liquid form. But, before you enter them into the diet, you must consult with the veterinarian, so that he picked up the desired complex.
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After each feeding, the kitten’s abdomen, anal and urogenital openings should be massaged with a soft cloth. This is necessary to ensure that the food is well digested and developed reflex selection. In some kittens artificial feeding can cause diarrhea or, conversely, constipation. In the first case, the power should be made less liquid, reducing the amount of water. And in the second – to put enemas with a syringe without a needle, lubricated with petroleum jelly, with 1–5 ml of water….