Vaccination of cats: recommendations and vaccination schedule
It is a mistake to think that cats do not need vaccination. In our world, there are still infections that can kill your pet. And even if your cat lives at home and never goes outside, you can bring infection on your shoes or clothes. And an animal that goes outside on its own or in a carrier, certainly needs vaccination. Such a cat runs the risk of becoming infected much more than a pet homebody, no pedigree will help here.
Without vaccination procedures, you will not be given a vet passport required for traveling by plane or train. In short, the life of your pet becomes much more complicated and dangerous, so it is worthwhile to attend to this issue in advance.
What diseases do cats vaccinate
First of all, the most dangerous for cats is plague (panleukopenia). This infection affects the majority of internal organs, characterized by severe leaks, fever and high mortality.
The following common diseases are viral calcivirosis and rhinotracheitis. Vaccinations against these viruses are the only chance to prevent infection. These diseases are hard to cure and poorly tolerated by cats, and the animals that have been ill are carriers of the virus.
Do not forget about rabies – a disease of the nervous system, dangerous for humans. Rabies vaccination is required for any cat.
If your cat is not sitting at home, and often travels or walks, it is recommended to vaccinate her from ringworm and fungi. Kittens that will become exhibitors in the future will be vaccinated against leukemia. It is also advised to deliver vaccinations for peritonitis and chlamydia. Peritonitis destroys feline immunity and is always fatal. Chlamydia is a chronic infection and affects many organ systems.
Nowadays, veterinarians recommend using complex vaccines for cats. Such vaccines are replaced by several syringes at once, which reduces the stress for the kitten.
The first thing to remember is that vaccines are put on healthy cats. Before vaccination, the cat is examined by a veterinarian; a deworming procedure is carried out for 10 days.
It is necessary to comply with the vaccination scheme: the kitten is given the first vaccine in 2-3 months, then after a certain period (from 2 to 20 weeks depending on the type of vaccination) revaccination is carried out. The rule of repeated vaccinations is also relevant for adult cats who have never been vaccinated before. Then the procedure is repeated annually at the same time.
It is forbidden to vaccinate pregnant, lactating cats, as well as kittens at the time of teething. Vaccination is carried out no later than a month before mating cats.
Kotu make an injection
Animals that have undergone surgery can not be vaccinated for 2-3 months, as well as the operation cannot be performed on a cat, which was vaccinated less than a month ago. If the cat was recently treated with antibiotics, you should postpone the procedure for a couple of weeks.
All vaccinations, the doctor writes in the veterinary passport of the cat. Immunity from the disease is activated only after 10 days, so you should protect your pet from contact with unfamiliar animals. It is also recommended to protect the cat from stressful situations, sudden changes in food, travel, swimming. It is necessary to monitor her condition and in case of alarming symptoms contact the veterinary clinic.